Wednesday, 31 October 2012

Sore Throats At A Glance

Sore throats at a glance
  • Most throat infections are caused by viruses or irritants, such as allergies or cigarette smoke. However, some sore throats are caused by bacteria.
  • Symptoms often include pain when swallowing and dry and scratchy throat.

FACT:  The cold or flu virus can live on various surfaces for up to several hours or longer.  Surfaces such as keyboards, photocopiers, door handles, etc. can be highly contaminated.  Wash your hands with soap and water after touching them or use a waterless hand sanitizer.

  • A sore throat is a frequent symptom of colds and respiratory tract infections.
  • Most sore throats are caused by a virus or irritation from the air, and antibiotic treatment will not help. If the onset of pain is sudden, swallowing hurts, and a fever is present it may be bacterial and you should see a doctor.
  • Rest, over-the-counter medicines and other self-care methods may help you feel better.
  • Most sore throats will improve on their own within 1-2 weeks. However, you should seek medical care if you have difficulty swallowing or breathing or your symptoms are severe or unusual, or last longer than 1-2 weeks.
Prevention tip
·      Wash your hands often, especially when you are around people who are sick.
·     Keep your resistance up by leading a healthy lifestyle.

 With thanks to Health Promotion and Preventative Services, University of Arizona

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